A New Constitution
W ith its independence declared, the United States of America set to the task of forming a government. In 1781, the newly created states ratified the Articles of Confederation. Based on the idea of creating a loose association of "sovereign" states, the Articles provided for no executive and only a weak judiciary. Coupled with an extremely difficult standard for the passage of legislation, the Articles did not create a very efficent government. And since it was also very hard for the central government to raise revenue, American leaders soon decided that a new government was needed
In the summer of 1787 the states met once again to revise the Articles of Confederation. The Founding Fathers left Philadelphia with a brand new government in hand, the federal Constitution of 1787. Rather than a loose confederation of states, the Constitution created a joining of the states under a powerful central government and a strong executive. Ratified in 1788, the Constitution stands as today's longest-lasting government.